DFIR: Windows and Active Directory Attacks and Persistence

Today I would like to focus on an improved version of my previous blog post about DFIR in Windows & Active Directory. We will cover examples of different attacker’s techniques and ways how attackers could persist in an environment. This will include things from executing the techniques by ourselves, to diving into the traces that

Everything about Service Principals, Applications, and API Permissions

Service Principals are identities used by created applications, services, and automation tools to access specific resources. It only needs to do specific things, which can be controlled by assigning the required API permissions. The majority of organizations that work a lot with Azure AD, have service principals as well. Every time when an application has

What I have learned from doing a year of Cloud Forensics in Azure AD

Today I would like to share my experience with doing Cloud forensics in Azure AD. I’ve been working for over a year with Azure Active Directory, and have primary focused on the different security aspects of it. One of my main focus has been doing Cloud forensics, which I will tell more about. I was

How to exfiltrate data over (s)FTP?

In this blog post, we are going to explain how to exfiltrate data over (S)FTP. This blog post is mainly for educational purposes. During this blog post, we will cover everything in steps, which will help the readers being able to simulate this attack by themselves. The goal of this blog post is to demonstrate

Exfiltrating data by transfering it to the cloud with Azcopy

During the past year, we have seen ransomware gangs using public tools to exfiltrate data by copying it to an array of a Cloud storage provider. In November 2020, SentinelOne discovered, that adversaries were using such techniques to transfer data from a victim’s machine to a Cloud storage provider. The blog post of SentinelOne can

How to hunt for LDAP reconnaissance within M365 Defender?

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is one of the core protocols used for directory services. The primary function of LDAP is to enable folks to find data about users, groups, computers, and much more. It also provides the communication language that applications require to send and receive information from directory services, such as Active Directory.

How to deploy Sysmon and MMA Agent to receive logs in Azure Sentinel?

I often get messages from folks who ask me questions around deploying Sysmon on their endpoints, and how to push those logs to an Azure Sentinel workspace. Since I’ve received these kind of messages a couple of times. I thought it would be a great idea to blog about it. This would help me to

Using Microsoft Defender for Endpoint during investigation

Today I’m going to blog about Microsoft Defender for Endpoint, but with the primary goal of investigation. During cases like incident response for example. It can be useful to have an EDR in place, that helps to automate the common tasks, and provide visibility in the process execution layer. Microsoft Defender for Endpoint is a


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